The ORPP or Ontario Retirement Pension Plan has been in the news a lot over the past few months. Is it a good thing? Does it help people in a way they don’t want to be helped? Or will the change in federal government mean it will be replaced by something else or disappear like a puff of smoke?
Let’s look at the underlying reason for this plan. There are fewer and fewer employers offering pensions, people are saving less combined with the small amount of income people get from existing programs like the CPP/QPP and OAS adds up to people not saving enough for retirement.
Or are they? According to Malcolm Hamilton of the C.D. Howe Institute in his paper, Do Canadians Save Too Little? , the assumptions and numbers used as a basis for the ORPP are flawed and don’t address the “diversity of individual retirement goals”. His paper does make you question what we are frequently told about savings and retirement. What I take away from this paper is retirement goals are very personal and what may be perfectly adequate income for one person may not be for another. If you have an investment advisor, have them do a financial plan for you to see if your goals and income lineup.
For most of my working life, I have not had a pension and it’s only been in the last few years my employer introduced a Group RRSP/DPSP (Deferred Profit Sharing Plan) to supplement what I’ll get from the CPP (Canada Pension Plan) and my own personal RRSP. I’m so used to not having a pension, I’m not sure how I feel about being forced into the ORPP where I don’t have the flexibility to do with the money what I want like I have with an RRSP.
With the election of a Liberal government that seems more open to piggybacking the changes Ontario wants on top of the CPP, will the ORPP even be necessary?
Hicks Morley , in their paper, 2015 FEDERAL ELECTION UPDATE: ORPP OR CPP – WHICH WILL IT BE? thinks it will take years to make changes to the CPP due to the time for the consultations and agreement needed by both the federal government and 2/3 of the provinces for any change. The years prediction sounds reasonable since we can’t even get the provinces to drop tariffs on beer amongst each other. If the Ontario government wants to keep their time line of starting to implement part of the plan by January 1, 2017, they will need something tactical. It would be better if they just waited. It will be expensive to set up a complete infrastructure to support this new plan and then just throw it away if they go with a CPP solution long term or the continuing expense of operating it in parallel.
When the ORPP comes in, companies that have an existing pension plan won’t see much change as long as they meet certain conditions in order to be able to opt out of the ORPP. For example, for a Defined Contribution or DC plan, where both employees and employers make contributions and the payout comes from a combination of these contributions and the investment return, the contributions must be 4% of base salary each or a total of 8%.
I have already heard companies are starting to adjust their existing pension plans to meet the conditions or convert existing Group RRSP/DPSP to pension plans. No word yet from my employer on which direction they’ll be going, though if my DPSP is converted to a pension plan, the current contribution level is not enough to meet the conditions.
Small businesses aren’t too keen on the plan. This would be an additional payroll tax for them and if you believe this article by the CFIB, the unemployment rate will rise by 0.5% and wages will be reduced. I can’t vouch for the figures but it would make sense for wages to be reduced or a decrease in raises for a number of years until these taxes get absorbed. Some employees may not be too keen as well for the additional payroll deduction either if their expenses are already using up most of their income. Here’s a calculator to give you an idea of how much you or an employer would be paying (e.g. if your income was $40,000/year, you’d be paying an extra $693 in payroll deductions.)
The ORPP will help a lot of people not savings enough for retirement but would have preferred it wasn’t a “one size fits all solution” so it would target those most in need and that the Ontario government waited to piggy-back on the CPP and save us all a lot of money. Now we just have to wait and see.
Here’s a few additional links if you want to do some more reading.
What the experts think of the Ontario Retirement Pension Plan – The Star
Jack Mintz: Kill Ontario’s pension plan – Financial Post
Bill 56, Ontario Retirement Pension Plan Act, 2015
Ontario pensions and retirement savings – Ontario Government
ORPP: who is enrolled - Ontario Government